Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier (1743-1794)
Life and Works

by Jean-Pierre Poirier
Comité Lavoisier de l'Académie des Sciences de Paris

 


Summary


Chapter 1: LAVOISIER, A TASTE FOR THE SCIENCES

Law
From Mineralogy to Geology
Meteorology
Chapter 2: LAVOISIER, CHEMIST
Chemistry in the Mid-Eighteenth Century
Aristotle's Four Elements
The Theory of Phlogiston
Transmutations
Lavoisier's Method
The Chemistry of Gases
The Notion of Element
The Analysis and Synthesis of Water
The Contents of the Chemical Revolution

Chapter 3: LAVOISIER, PIONEER IN PUBLIC HEALTH

Public Health
Food hygiene
Hospitals
Medicine
Prisons
Behavioral Psychology

Chapter 4: LAVOISIER, PHYSIOLOGIST

The Physiology of Respiration
The Physiology of Perspiration
The Animal Machine
The Physiology of Nutrition

Chapter 5 : LAVOISIER, BIOLOGIST

The Chemistry of Life

Chapter 6: LAVOISIER, ECONOMIST

The General Farm
The Gunpowder and Saltpeter Administration
Spinning Mills and Bleaching Workshops
Aerostats, Montgolfières and Charlières
Scientific Agronomy

Chapter 7: LAVOISIER, SENIOR CIVIL SERVANT

The Committee on Agriculture
The Provincial Assembly of Orléans
The Discount Bank
Reflections on Assignats
The National Treasury
The Territorial Wealth of the Kingdom of France

Chapter 8: LAVOISIER, ARTS AND TRADES

The Advisory Board for Arts and Trades
The Lycée des Arts
Reflections on Public Education
The Unification of the System of Weights and Measures

Chapter 9 : "LA REPUBLIQUE N'A PAS BESOIN DE SAVANTS"

Bibliography of and on Lavoisier

BACK